Tuesday, 06 February 2024 00:00

How Diabetes Affects the Feet

Diabetes poses significant risks to foot health due to its impact on blood glucose levels, which can lead to peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease. Peripheral neuropathy results in nerve damage that reduces sensation in the feet, while peripheral vascular disease affects blood circulation that can hinder the healing process. This combination of diabetes side effects increases the likelihood of developing foot ulcers and other complications. Early detection of symptoms such as numbness, tingling, changes in foot color, or slow-healing wounds is essential. Managing diabetes effectively through stable blood sugar levels, quitting smoking, and staying physically active is beneficial. To further reduce the effects of diabetes on the feet, it is important to practice good foot hygiene and wear supportive shoes and socks. It is also suggested that you schedule regular visits with a chiropodist for tests for nerve function and circulation, in addition to monitoring the health of your feet.

Diabetes can cause serious problems in the lower limbs if proper preventive measures are not taken and diabetic wound care is not performed. If you would like to learn more about caring for diabetic feet, please consult with Paul A. Scotti, D.Ch from West Toronto Foot & Ankle Clinic Inc. . Our chiropodist can help you maintain the health of your lower limbs and your mobility. 

Diabetes can lead to a host of foot and ankle complications, including: 

  • Poor circulation

  • Peripheral neuropathy

  • Diabetic foot wounds and ulcers

  • Infection 

  • Corns and calluses

  • Dry, cracked skin

  • Nail disorders 

  • Hammertoes 

  • Bunions

  • Charcot foot

If you have diabetes, you must be vigilant of any changes in your foot health. This is best done through daily foot inspections. Using a mirror to help you if necessary, look for any: 

  • Cuts, scrapes, sores, or wounds

  • Bruising or discoloration 

  • Swelling

  • Rash

  • Foul odor

  • Nail changes 

  • Hair loss 

  • Warmth and inflammation

  • Deformities 

  • Lower limb pain

  • Strange sensations (numbness, tingling, burning, pins, and needles)

If you detect anything unusual, seek the care of a chiropodist as soon as possible. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care

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