Increasing cases of running injuries reported
Swait Jha | May 10, 2014.
In today’s hectic lifestyle, many people have taken up running to stay in shape. Most people are very passionate about their running, but are doing so without the instructions of an experienced trainer, due to which injuries have become commonplace. Most doctors in the city are increasingly getting cases related to orthopaedic and muscular problems.
“The cases have undoubtedly risen in the past few years. We are getting seven to eight patients everyday with injuries related to running. Most common that we see nowadays are runner’s knee, Achilles Tendinitis, hamstring issues, Plantar Fasciitis, Shinsplints, ITBS and stress fracture,” said Dr Nikhil Iyer, orthopaedic and arthroscopic surgeon from Fortis Hospital, Navi Mumbai.
Dr Iyer added that about 40 per cent of running injuries that doctors see are related to knee injuries. Largely referred to as “Runner’s Knee”, Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) typically flares up during or after long runs, after extended periods of sitting, or while descending hills and stairs.
“Anyone with biomechanical factors who puts extra load on the knee is vulnerable to PFPS. Risk factors include over-pronation and weak quads, hips, or glutes. Everybody needs to make sure that they don’t put extra effort if they have just started running, otherwise it can worsen the situation rather than improving it,” said Dr Iyer.
“Also, we are getting large numbers of cases of Achilles Tendons. It makes up 61 per cent of all running injuries. Runners who dramatically increase training and have tight, weak calves are vulnerable. People will have to understand that there are various bones and muscles in our body that can take a certain amount of pain in a certain way. They require a lot of knowledge before beginning any exercise on their own,” said Dr Iyer.
Plantar Fasciitis, small tears or inflammation of the tendons and ligaments that run from your heel to your toes, is usually the top foot complaint among runners — the pain, which typically feels like a dull ache or bruise along your arch or on the bottom of your heel, is usually worse first thing in the morning.
“Runners with very high or very low arches are vulnerable, because both foot types cause the plantar fascia to be stretched away from the heel bone. Long periods of standing, especially on hard floors without supportive footwear, may exacerbate the problem,” said Dr Iyer.
Dr Iyer suggests that for preventing from getting such injuries, runners must keep a few points in mind. “Don’t ignore pain. A little soreness is okay, but if you notice consistent pain in a muscle or joint that doesn’t get better with rest, see your healthcare provider. Most importantly, before beginning a running routine, talk to a trainer. Warm-up and stretch before running,” he added.