Posts for: July, 2015

Foot problems are very common in people with diabetes and can lead to serious complications.

This section provides basic information about how diabetes affects your feet and what you can do to keep your feet healthy.

Diabetes & your feet

Diabetes can cause nerve damage (also known as diabetes peripheral neuropathy - DPN) and poor blood flow or circulation to the legs and feet (also known as peripheral arterial disease - PAD). As a result, people with diabetes are less likely to feel a foot injury, such as a blister or cut. Diabetes can make these injuries more difficult to heal. Unnoticed and untreated, even small foot injuries can quickly become infected, potentially leading to serious complications.

Daily foot care

As always, prevention is the best medicine. A good daily foot care routine will help keep your feet healthy.

Start by assembling a foot care kit containing nail clippers, nail file, lotion, and a non-breakable hand mirror. Having everything you need in one place makes it easier to follow this foot care routine every day:

  1. Wash your feet in warm (not hot) water, using a mild soap. Don’t soak your feet, as this can dry your skin.
  2. Dry your feet carefully, especially between your toes.
  3. Thoroughly check your feet and between your toes to make sure there are no cuts, cracks, ingrown toenails, blisters, etc. Use a hand mirror to see the bottom of your feet, or ask someone else to check them for you.
  4. Clean cuts or scratches with mild soap and water, and cover with a dry dressing suitable for sensitive skin.
  5. Trim your toenails straight across and file any sharp edges. Don’t cut the nails too short.
  6. Apply a good lotion to your heels and soles. Wipe off excess lotion that is not absorbed. Don’t put lotion between your toes, as the excessive moisture can promote infection.
  7. Wear fresh clean socks and well-fitting shoes every day. Whenever possible, wear white socks – if you have a cut or sore, the drainage will be easy to see.

Best advice

Do:

  • Wear well-fitting shoes. They should be supportive, have low heels (less than five centimetres high) and should not rub or pinch. Shop at a reputable store with knowledgeable staff who can professionally fit your shoes.
  • Buy shoes in the late afternoon (since your feet swell slightly by then).
  • Wear socks at night if your feet get cold.
  • Elevate your feet when you are sitting.
  • Wiggle your toes and move your ankles around for a few minutes several times a day to improve blood flow in your feet and legs.
  • Exercise regularly to improve circulation.
  • Inspect your feet daily and in particular, feel for skin temperature differences between your feet.

Don’t:

  • Use over-the-counter medications to treat corns and warts. They are dangerous for people with diabetes.
  • Wear anything tight around your legs, such as tight socks or knee-highs.
  • Ever go barefoot, even indoors. Consider buying a pair of well-fitting shoes that are just for indoors.
  • Put hot water bottles or heating pads on your feet.
  • Sit or cross your legs for long periods of time.
  • Smoke. Smoking decreases circulation and healing, and significantly increases the risks of amputation.
  • Wear over-the-counter insoles - they can cause blisters if they are not right for your feet.

Your health-care team

Make the most out of your visit with your health-care professional by asking these three questions:

  1. What is my main problem?
  2. What do I need to do?
  3. Why is it important for me to do this?

Members of your foot care team can include:

  • Chiropodists or Podiatrists: Specialize in treating foot diseases, disorders and dysfunctions
  • Diabetes Educators: Provide education on diabetes, including foot care
  • Doctors: Assist in diabetes management, and some have specialized training in foot care
  • Nurses: Some have specialized training in foot care
  • Orthotists/Prosthetists: Specialize in orthotic and prosthetic devices
  • Pedorthists: Specialize in orthotics, footwear and footwear modifications

Canadian Diabetes Association logo

July 02, 2015

TORONTO, Ont. – Now that summer is here and Canadian feet are out in the open, the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) is urging action to reduce the risk of diabetes-related foot complications that can lead to devastating consequences, including amputations.

The CDA is calling on governments to improve access to publicly funded diabetes services and devices to prevent and treat foot ulcers and thereby avoid amputation in people with diabetes. These supports include foot care education, professionally fitted footwear and devices, and timely referrals and visits to a foot care specialist.

Wayne Sidsworth knows first-hand the worst case scenario of foot complications. The 56-year-old was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the relatively late age of 37, and had ongoing problems with his foot and leg. An avid golfer, he began to experience pain in his calf while walking in 2009 and underwent a series of vascular surgeries. In 2012, a sore on his foot quickly spread, causing gangrene and resulting in the amputation of his right leg below the knee.  

“I always knew a serious complication like amputation was a possibility, but I never thought it would happen to me,” said Sidsworth. He believes the delay in getting a diabetes diagnosis may have been part of the cause. “By then, the damage was already done,” he added.

Sidsworth is determined to pursue an active lifestyle, continuing to play golf with the aid of a cart. At the top of his wish list is a special foot that would enable him to resume running, but the price tag is $9,000 and it isn’t covered under extended health insurance. Fortunately, some of his other expenses have been covered—including a $9,000 prosthetic leg and a $6,000 wheel chair. He estimates that his condition has cost upwards of $100,000 in medical-related expenses.

According to the CDA, out-of-pocket costs compromise the ability of Canadians with diabetes to manage their disease: 57 per cent indicate that they do not comply with their prescribed therapy due to the cost of medications, devices and supplies. Only half of Canadians with type 2 diabetes have their blood glucose levels under control, and the majority of patients incur adverse health conditions linked to diabetes.

The call to action stems from the CDA’s newly released position statement on amputation prevention. The statement notes that diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputation in Canadian adults, associated with approximately 70 per cent of amputations performed in hospital.

“Compared to the general population, Canadian adults with diabetes are over 20 times more likely to undergo non-traumatic lower limb amputations, 85 per cent of which are preceded by a foot ulcer,” says Dr. Jan Hux, chief science officer at the CDA. “Many people with diabetes experience barriers to preventative care, so investment in prevention and support is essential to avoid amputations which are devastating to people with diabetes, as well as extremely costly to our publicly funded health care system.”

The CDA is also calling on people living with diabetes and their health-care providers to be vigilant and proactive about foot complications from diabetes. The CDA is urging people with the disease to check feet daily for cuts, cracks, bruises, blisters, sores, infection and unusual markings. The CDA is recommending that health-care professionals who treat people with diabetes screen them for diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease, and educate them about proper foot care and glycemic control. The CDA is also calling for improved treatment and communication among all health-care professionals who work with people with diabetes.

Diabetes in Canada

In 2015, the number of Canadians with type 1 and 2 diabetes was estimated at 3.4 million with projections to 5 million by 2025. Diabetes will cost Canada $14 billion in 2015 and these costs are projected to rise to $16 billion by 2020. Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in Canada. Currently, more than one in four Canadians has diabetes or prediabetes. If trends continue, this will increase to one in three by 2020. Complications—such as those involving feet—account for more than 80 per cent of diabetes costs, yet may be prevented or at least delayed.

To view the CDA position statement, go to: http://www.diabetes.ca/about-cda/public-policy-position-statements/amputation-prevention.

Support from the Canadian Association of Foot Care Nurses (CAFCN)

The CAFCN supports the position of the CDA on amputation prevention as concerns the millions of Canadians with diabetes. Regular foot care by a trained health-care professional is fundamental to preventing complications from diabetes. The foot care nurse is part of the multidisciplinary health team caring for people living with diabetes. Foot care nurses are important in assessing, treating and educating people who may be at risk and are often one of the first health-care professionals to see a client who requires further medical attention.

About the CDA

The CDA is the registered national charity that helps the more than 10 million Canadians with diabetes or prediabetes live healthy lives, and educates those at risk while working to find a cure. In communities across Canada, the CDA:

  • offers a wide array of support services to members of the public;
  • offers resources to health-care professionals on best practices to care for people with diabetes;
  • advocates to governments, schools, workplaces and others on behalf of people with diabetes; and,
  • funds research on better treatments and to find a cure.

For more information, visit diabetes.ca or call 1-800-BANTING (226-8464).

-30-

Media contact:

Michele Penz
Calico Communications for Canadian Diabetes Association
778-888-2249
[email protected]

 

Canadian Diabetes Association logoJuly 02, 2015

TORONTO, Ont. – Now that summer is here and Canadian feet are out in the open, the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) is urging action to reduce the risk of diabetes-related foot complications that can lead to devastating consequences, including amputations.

The CDA is calling on governments to improve access to publicly funded diabetes services and devices to prevent and treat foot ulcers and thereby avoid amputation in people with diabetes. These supports include foot care education, professionally fitted footwear and devices, and timely referrals and visits to a foot care specialist.

Wayne Sidsworth knows first-hand the worst case scenario of foot complications. The 56-year-old was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the relatively late age of 37, and had ongoing problems with his foot and leg. An avid golfer, he began to experience pain in his calf while walking in 2009 and underwent a series of vascular surgeries. In 2012, a sore on his foot quickly spread, causing gangrene and resulting in the amputation of his right leg below the knee.  

“I always knew a serious complication like amputation was a possibility, but I never thought it would happen to me,” said Sidsworth. He believes the delay in getting a diabetes diagnosis may have been part of the cause. “By then, the damage was already done,” he added.

Sidsworth is determined to pursue an active lifestyle, continuing to play golf with the aid of a cart. At the top of his wish list is a special foot that would enable him to resume running, but the price tag is $9,000 and it isn’t covered under extended health insurance. Fortunately, some of his other expenses have been covered—including a $9,000 prosthetic leg and a $6,000 wheel chair. He estimates that his condition has cost upwards of $100,000 in medical-related expenses.

According to the CDA, out-of-pocket costs compromise the ability of Canadians with diabetes to manage their disease: 57 per cent indicate that they do not comply with their prescribed therapy due to the cost of medications, devices and supplies. Only half of Canadians with type 2 diabetes have their blood glucose levels under control, and the majority of patients incur adverse health conditions linked to diabetes.

The call to action stems from the CDA’s newly released position statement on amputation prevention. The statement notes that diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic lower limb amputation in Canadian adults, associated with approximately 70 per cent of amputations performed in hospital.

“Compared to the general population, Canadian adults with diabetes are over 20 times more likely to undergo non-traumatic lower limb amputations, 85 per cent of which are preceded by a foot ulcer,” says Dr. Jan Hux, chief science officer at the CDA. “Many people with diabetes experience barriers to preventative care, so investment in prevention and support is essential to avoid amputations which are devastating to people with diabetes, as well as extremely costly to our publicly funded health care system.”

The CDA is also calling on people living with diabetes and their health-care providers to be vigilant and proactive about foot complications from diabetes. The CDA is urging people with the disease to check feet daily for cuts, cracks, bruises, blisters, sores, infection and unusual markings. The CDA is recommending that health-care professionals who treat people with diabetes screen them for diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease, and educate them about proper foot care and glycemic control. The CDA is also calling for improved treatment and communication among all health-care professionals who work with people with diabetes.

Diabetes in Canada

In 2015, the number of Canadians with type 1 and 2 diabetes was estimated at 3.4 million with projections to 5 million by 2025. Diabetes will cost Canada $14 billion in 2015 and these costs are projected to rise to $16 billion by 2020. Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in Canada. Currently, more than one in four Canadians has diabetes or prediabetes. If trends continue, this will increase to one in three by 2020. Complications—such as those involving feet—account for more than 80 per cent of diabetes costs, yet may be prevented or at least delayed.

To view the CDA position statement, go to: http://www.diabetes.ca/about-cda/public-policy-position-statements/amputation-prevention.

Support from the Canadian Association of Foot Care Nurses (CAFCN)

The CAFCN supports the position of the CDA on amputation prevention as concerns the millions of Canadians with diabetes. Regular foot care by a trained health-care professional is fundamental to preventing complications from diabetes. The foot care nurse is part of the multidisciplinary health team caring for people living with diabetes. Foot care nurses are important in assessing, treating and educating people who may be at risk and are often one of the first health-care professionals to see a client who requires further medical attention.

About the CDA

The CDA is the registered national charity that helps the more than 10 million Canadians with diabetes or prediabetes live healthy lives, and educates those at risk while working to find a cure. In communities across Canada, the CDA:

  • offers a wide array of support services to members of the public;
  • offers resources to health-care professionals on best practices to care for people with diabetes;
  • advocates to governments, schools, workplaces and others on behalf of people with diabetes; and,
  • funds research on better treatments and to find a cure.

For more information, visit diabetes.ca or call 1-800-BANTING (226-8464).

- See more at: https://www.diabetes.ca/newsroom/search-news/cda-urges-action-to-prevent-amputations#sthash.dtFqhrtX.dpuf



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